Tuesday, December 2, 2008


A brief study on the Tamil ‘Meiyarivumudivu’ Noolkal (‘Siththaantha’ Noolkal) of the Tamil Saiva philosopher Saints (Meiyadiyaar)

The Tamil Saiva Meiyarivumudivu (Siththaantham = Siththu[Meiyarivu] + Antham[mudivu]) Noolkal are essentially the ‘Saiva Philosophic Compositions of Tamil Nadu in poetic Tamil, on the Pathi (God), Pasu (Soul), Paasam (worldly desires) relationships - in this material world, and on the liberation of the Soul (Pasu) from Paasam (worldly desires), and on it’s attainment of glory of being with the Pathi (God) - in eternal bliss, free from anymore births in this material world.

The MeiyarivuMudivu Noolkal are the essence of the spiritual knowledge revealed to the “visualising senses” of four Munivars - on their intense worship of God Siva "under the shade of the Aalamaram" (Aal nilal keel) on the Mahendra mountain in South Tamil Nadu, which were composed into four premier Tamil Agamangal (Thanthira - Naan Marai) by these Munivars.

The "Kooththanool" (in Tamil) a third Sangam period (Second century A.D) - Tamil dance treatise confirms that the original “Thanthira Nan Marais” - that is the four Thanthira (Agamic) Doctrines were revealed by God Siva to the four Munivars on the Mahendra Mountain (Manthira Maamalai) as follows:

"Manthira maamalai Yanthira thavacil vadakku parithi kidakkap poam vali, naalvarkku Thanthira Naan Marai koorum Kooththanum Kooththiyum iyatriya kooththai kandaan Agaththiyan"

Kooththa Nool - by Saaththanaar, Line 8

The Saiva Agamangal (Agamas) had been the principal Doctrines (Marais) of the Tamil Saivaism from ancient times. This Agamic tradition continued for many years even after Vedism was introduced into Tamil Nadu and practised side by side, with their 'Poosaikal', other 'Valipaadu Muraikal' and the 'Saivite Temple Rituals', nurtured by the rich cultural and finearts traditions of Tamil Nadu.

The subject matter of the Saiva Agamangal are divided essentially in to four groups as Sariyai, Kiriyai, Yokam and Gnanam. The re-awakening of the “Saiva Philosophic Compositions” in Tamil - essentially the 'Gnanam' section of the Agamangal, speaking on the Pathi, Pasu, Paasam relations could be seen beginning with the Meiyadiyaar Vaakeesa Munivar’s work titled as "Gnanaamirtham" of the third century A.D, written in a language closely akin to the Sangam Tamil.

Thereafter only in the eleventh century A.D. we see a three generation Guru/Seedar tradition of Meiyadiyaars coming up with their Tamil Saiva philosophic compositions on the Pathi, Pasu, Pasam - relations, namely as Thiruvunthiyaar, and Thirukkalirtrupadiyaar.

Subsequently in the thirteenth century A.D. we see another four generation Guru/Seedar tradition of Meiyadiyaars coming forth with twelve other Tamil Saiva philosophic compositions on these relations, and this generation of Saints are also refered to as “Santhaana Kuravar” and their compositions as “Meikanda Noolkal” (or Meikanda Saaththirangal).

All these Tamil “Saiva Meiyarivumudivu Noolkal” are basically the developments from the “Gnanam section” of the original Tamil Siva Agamangal and subsequent Sanskrit Siva Agamangal.

The following are the Tamil “Saiva Meiyarivumudivu Noolkal” (Saiva Siththaantha Noolkal) which have been composed by the Tamil Saiva Meiyadiyaar:

(1) Vaakeesa Munivar - (third century A.D)
Gnanaamirtham

(2) Thiruviyalur Uiyyavantha Thevar - (eleventh century A.D)
Thiruvunthiyaar

(3) Aaludai Theva Naayanaar - (eleventh century A.D) - Seedar of (2)
Not known of his works

(4) Thirukkadavur Uiyyavantha Thevar - (eleventh century A.D)- Seedar of (3)
Thirukkalittrupadiyaar

(5) Meikandaar - (thirteenth century A.D)
Sivagnanapotham

(6) Arunanthi Sivaasaariyaar - (thirteenth century A.D) - Seedar of (5)
Sivagnanasiththiyaar
Irupaa Irupahthu


(7) Manavaasakam Kadanthaar - (thirteenth century A.D) - Seedar of (5)
Unmai Vilakkam

(9) Maraignana Sampanthar - (thirteenth century A.D) - Seedar of (6)
His works not known

(10) Umaapathi Sivaasaariyaar - (thirteenth century A.D) - Seedar of (9)
Sivappirakaasam
Thiruvarutpayan
Vinaa Venbaa
Poatri Pahtrodai
Kodikkavi
Nenjuvidu Thoothu
Unmai Neri Vilakkam
Sangatpa Niraakaranam


(18) Arul Namasivaaya Moorththykal - (thirteenth century A.D) - Seedar of (10)
His works not known
Note: He instituted the Thiruvaavaduthurai Aatheenam.

(19) Gurugnanasampanthar - (sixteenth century) 9th generation Seedar of (18)
His works not known
Note: He instituted the Tharumapura Aatheenam.

The Saiva Aatheenams of Tamil Nadu are the Institutions which are preserving the living traditions of the “Tamil Saivaism”, the Tamil Thirumuraikal and the Tamil "Saiva Meiyarivu-mudivu Noolkal” (Tamil Saiva Siththaantha Noolkal), and promoting their essence to the Tamil Saivite population - in Tamil Nadu and elsewhere in the world.


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A brief study on the Tamil Thivya-Pirapantham of the Tamil Vainava Saints (Aalvaars) of Tamil Nadu

The sacred “poems of Praise” sung on "God - as Vishnu"(God Vishnu - Thirumaal), by the Tamil Vainava Aalvaars (Saints) of Tamil Nadu - of the medieval and pre-medieval periods, have been grouped into one volume as “Naalaayira Thivya-Pirapantham” by the Tamil Vainava Adiyar the Naathamunikal.

Note: Re - "God as Vishnu"(God Vishnu) refer my Thread in this same website titled - "The Universal Truth of God Supreme"

“Thivya” in Sanskrit (“Thiru” in Tamil) means “Divine”, and Pirapantham (in Tamil) means a “poetic work”. Hence “Naalaayira Thivya-Pirapantham” means “Divine poetic works of 4000 verses”. (Verses - Paasuram)

These 4000 verses are from the twenty three divine poetic works of the twelve Vainava Aalvaars of Tamil Nadu, and are classified as follows:

The Thiruppaasurankal of the Tamil Vainava Saint
Poihaiaalvaar -
Place of Birth : Kaanchipuram
Muthal Thiruvanthaathi - 100 Thiruppaasuram on Thirumaal
No of 'Paadal (Mangala Saasanam - poetic praise) - petra' Vainava 'Thiruththalangal' (Thivya Thesangal) - 7

The Thiruppaasurankal of the Tamil Vainava Saint
Poothathaalvaar - Place of Birth : Maamallapuram
Irandaam Thiruvanthaathi - 100 Thiruppaasuram on Thirumaal
No of 'Paadal (Mangala Saasanam - poetic praise) - petra' Vainava 'Thiruththalangal' (Thivya Thesangal) - 13

The Thiruppaasurankal of the Tamil Vainava Saint
Peiyaalvaar - Place of Birth : Mayilaapuur
Moontram Thiruvanthaathi - 100 Thiruppaasuram on Thirumaal
No of 'Paadal (Mangala Saasanam - poetic praise) - petra' Vainava 'Thiruththalangal' (Thivya Thesangal) - 14

The Thiruppaasurankal of the Tamil Vainava Saint
Thirumalisaiaalvaar - Place of Birth : Thirumalisai
Thirusantha Viruttham - 120 Thiruppaasuram on Thirumaal
Naanmuhan Thiruvanthaathi - 96 Thiruppaasuram on Thirumaal
No of 'Paadal (Mangala Saasanam - poetic praise) - petra' Vainava 'Thiruththalangal' (Thivya Thesangal) - 16

The Thiruppaasurankal of the Tamil Vainava Saint
Namaalvaar - Place of Birth : Thirukurukoor
Thiruviruththam - 100 Thiruppaasuram on Thirumaal
Thiruvaasiriyam - 7 Thiruppaasuram on Thirumaal
Periya Thiruvanthaathi - 87 Thiruppaasuram on Thirumaal
Thiruvaaimoli - 1102 Thiruppaasurm on Thirumaal
No of 'Paadal (Mangala Saasanam - poetic praise) - petra' Vainava 'Thiruththalangal' (Thivya Thesangal) - 35

The Thiruppaasurankal of the Tamil Vainava Saint
Mathurakaviaalvaar - Place of Birth : Thirukkoluur
Kanni Nun Siruthaambu - 11 Thiruppaasuram on Nammaalvaar
No of 'Paadal (Mangala Saasanam - poetic praise) - petra' Vainava 'Thiruththalangal' (Thivya Thesangal) - 00

The Thiruppaasurankal of the Tamil Vainava Saint
Kulasekaraalvaar - Place of Birth : Thiruvanjikkalam (present Kodungallur of Kerala)
Perumal Thirumoli - 105 Thiruppaasuram on Thirumaal
No of 'Paadal (Mangala Saasanam - poetic praise) - petra' Vainava 'Thiruththalangal' (Thivya Thesangal) - 7

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Note:
Towards the beginning of the nineth century {i.e. A.D.801} a powerful Chera king known as Kulasekaran {A.D.801-820} was ruling in Kudamalainadu of the Kerala (Chera) country, with his capital at Mahodayapuram. It was here the Thiruvanjikkalam existed. Mahodayapuram was also known as the Kodungallur with which name it exits even today. He was an ardent devotee of God Vishnu.

King Kulasekaran has claimed for himself the titles “Kolik-kon”, “Kudal-nayagan”, “Kongar Kon” in his "Perumal Thirumoli" confirming his authority over Koliyur (the Uraiyur of the Chola country), and Kudal (the Madurai of the Pandiya country) and also over the Kongu country, with his victory over these countries and the formation of the Second Chera (Kerala) empire during the pre-medieval period

Subsequently he denounced the Chera throne in preferance to his "absolute dedication and worship of God Vishnu (Thirumaal)" and came to be known as Kulasekara Perumaal and as Kulasekara Aalvaar.
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The Thiruppaasurankal of the Tamil Vainava Saint
Periyaalvaar - Place of Birth : Sri Villipuththuur
Periyaalvaar Thirumoli - 461 Thiruppaasuram on Thirumaal
Thiruppallaandu - 12 Thiruppaasuram on Thirumaal
No of 'Paadal (Mangala Saasanam - poetic praise) - petra' Vainava 'Thiruththalangal' (Thivya Thesangal) - 20

The Thiruppaasurankal of the Tamil Vainava Saint
Aandaal - Place of Birth : Sri Villipuththuur
Thiruppaavai - 30 Thiruppaasuram on Thirumaal
Naachiyaar Thirumoli - 143 Thiruppaasuram on Thirumaal
No of 'Paadal (Mangala Saasanam - poetic praise) - petra' Vainava 'Thiruththalangal' (Thivya Thesangal) - 9

The Thiruppaasurankal of the Tamil Vainava Saint
Thondaradipodiaalvaar - Place of Birth : Mandangkudi
Thirumaalai - 45 Thiruppaasuram on Thirumaal
Thiruppalli Elutchi - 10 Thiruppaasuram on Thirumaal
No of 'Paadal (Mangala Saasanam - poetic praise) - petra' Vainava 'Thiruththalangal' (Thivya Thesangal) - 3

The Thiruppaasurankal of the Tamil Vainava Saint
Thiruppaanaalvaar - Place of Birth : Uraiyuur
Amalanathipiran - 1 Thiruppaasuram on Thirumaal
No of 'Paadal (Mangala Saasanam - poetic praise) - petra' Vainava 'Thiruththalangal' (Thivya Thesangal) - 3

The Thiruppaasurankal of the Tamil Vainava Saint
Thirumangaiaalvaar - Place of Birth : Kuraiyaluur
Periya Thirumoli - 1084 Thiruppaasuram on Thirumaal
Thirukkurunththandakam - 20 Thiruppaasuram on Thirumaal
Thirunedunththandakam - 30 Thiruppaasuram on Thirumaal
Thiruvelukoottrirukkai - 1 Thiruppaasuram on Thirumaal
Siriya Thirumadal - 1 Thiruppaasuram on Thirumaal
Periya Thirumadal - 1 Thiruppaasuram on Thirumaal
No of 'Paadal (Mangala Saasanam - poetic praise) - petra' Vainava 'Thiruththalangal' (Thivya Thesangal) - 40

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While the Naalaayira Thivya-Pirapantham remains a grouping of the Tamil Vainava Thiruppaasurankal - the Divine praise on God Vishnu - by the Tamil Vainava Aalvaars, the Tamil Vainava poetic work named "Guruparamparai Puranam" speaks on the life histories of these - twelve great Tamil Vainava Aalvaars.


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A brief study on the twelve - Tamil Thirumuraihal of the Tamil Saiva Saints (Naayanmaar & Adiyaar) - of Tamil Nadu

The sacred “poems of Divine Praise” sung on "God - as Siva"(God Siva), by three among the four principal Tamil Saiva Saints, namely the Naayanmaar - Thirugnanasampanthar, Thirunaavukarasar and Suntharamoorthy of the pre-medieval period Tamil Nadu, were known as the "Thevaram".

Note: Re - "God - as Siva"(God Siva) refer my Thread in this same website titled
"The Universal Truth of God Supreme"


"Thevaram" divides as Theva-aram meaning “garland to God”. Here it means the “garland of poems - of Divine Praise”. A group of ten to twelve Thevarams sung on God Siva presiding at different Temple Shrines in Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Sri Lanka - were each known as a "Thiruppathikam", also known as "Thiruppathiyam''. The collection of poems of all other Tamil Saiva - Swamihal and Adiyaar were known as "Thiruppaadalkal" meaning “sacred poems”.

These "Thiruppathikamgal" and “Thiruppaadalkal” have been classified into eleven "Thirumuraihal". The Tamil "Periya Puranam" has been classified as the twelveth Thirumurai.

“Thirumurai” means a “Sacred Order”. That is the order of classification made by the Saiva Adiyar the Nambiaandaar Nambi of the available Tamil - Thiruppathikamgal and Thiruppaadalhal sung by Tamil Saivite - Naayanmaar, Swamihal and Adiyaar of Tamil Nadu, on the request of the Chola Emperor the Rajaraja Chola - 1(A.D.985 – 1014) of Tamil Nadu. The classification of these Thirumuraihal are as follows;

Thirumurai 1 to 3 The "Thevara Thiruppathikams" of Tamil Saiva Naayanaar –

Thirugnanasampathar - (A.D.641-657)
(a) First Thirumurai - 136 Pathikams on 136 different Siva Thalams
(b) Second Thirumurai - 122 Pathikams on 122 different Siva Thalams
(c) Third Thirumurai - 126 Pathikams on 126 different Siva Thalams

Thurumurai – 4 to 6 The "Thevara Thiruppathikams" of Tamil Saiva Naayanaar –

Thirunaavukkarasar - (A.D.568-649)
(a) Fourth Thirumurai - 113 Pathikams on 113 different Siva Thalams
(b) Fifth Thirumurai - 100 Pathikams on 100 different Siva Thalams
(c) Sixth Thirumurai - 99 Pathikams on 99 different Siva Thalams

Thirumurai – 7 The "Thevara Thiruppathkams" of Tamil Saiva Naayanaar –

Suntharamoorthy - (A.D.826-844)
(a) Seventh Thirumurai- 100 Pathikams on 100 different Siva Thalams

Thirumurai – 8 The "Thiruppaadalhal" meaning “sacred poems” of Tamil Saiva Swamihal –

Maanickkavaasakar - (A.D.285-317)
(a) Thiruvaasakam
(1) Twentysix Pirapantham sung at Chithambaram Siva Thalam
(2) Twenty Pirapantham sung at Thirupperunthurai Siva Thalam
(3) Two Pirapantham sung at Thiruannaamalai Siva Thalam
(4) Two Pirapantham sung at Thiruuththarakosamangai Siva Thalam
(5) One Pirapantham sung at Thirukkalukuntram Siva Thalam
(6) One Pirapantham sung at Thiruththonipuram Siva Thalam
(7) One Pirapantham sung at Thiruvaarur

(b) Thiruchitrambala Kovaiyaar (Thirukkovaiyaar)
A complete work on Ahaththinai immersed in Iraiyarul - 25 chapters

Thirumurai – 9 The "Thiruvisaippa" meaning “sacred musical poems” of Tamil Saiva Adiyaar –

(1) Thirumaalikai Thevar
(a) Four Pathikams on Chithambaram Siva Thalam

(2) Chenthanaar
(a) Three Pathikams on three different Siva Thalams

(3) Karuvur Thevar
(a) Ten Pathikams on ten different Siva Thalams

(4) Poonththurutthinambi Kadanambi
(a) Two Pathikams on two different Siva Thalams

(5) Kandaraathiththar
(a) One Pathkam on Chithambaram Siva Thalam

(6) Venaattu Adihal
(a) One Pathikam on Chithambaram Siva Thalam

(7) Thiruvaaliyamuthanaar
(a) Four Pathikams on Chithambaram Siva Thalam

(8) Purudoththama Nambi
(a) Two Pathikams on Chithambaram Siva Thalams

(9) Chethiraayar
(a) One Pathikam on Chithambaram Siva Thalam

The "Thiruppallaandu" meaning "poems on longevity" of Tamil Saiva Adiyaar –
(2) Chenthanaar
(a) One Pathikam on Chithambaram Siva Thalam

Thirumurai – 10 The "Thiruppaadalhal" meaning “sacred poems” of Tamil Saiva Naayanaar –

Thirumoolar
(1) Thirumanthiram - Philosophic essence of Siva Agamangal in Tamil, having nine Thanthirams (chapters)

Thirumurai – 11 The "Thiruppaadalhal" meaning “sacred poems” of Tamil Saiva Naayanmaar & Adiyaar and "Thiruppathikam"

(1) Kaaraikkaal Ammaiyaar
(a) Thiruvaalankaatu Mooththa Thiruppathikam
(b) Mooththa Thiruppathikam
(c) Thiruvirattai Manimaalai
(d) Atputhath Thiruvanthaathi

(2) Aiyadikal Kadavarkon
(a) Sheththira Thiruvenbaa

(3) Cheramaan Perumaal
(a) Ponvannaththanthaathi
(b) Thiruvaaruur Mummanikkovai

(4) Nakkeera Thevar
(a) Kaiyilaipaathi Kaalaththipaathi Anthaathi
(b) Thirueengoimalai Elupathu
(c) Thiruvalanchuli Mummanikkovai
(d) Thiruvelukoottrirukkai
(e) Perunththevapaani
(f) Koapap Pirasaatham
(g) Kaar Ettu
(h) Poatrith Thirukkalivenbaa
(i) Thirumurukaatrupadai
(j) Thirukannappathevar Thirumaram

(5) Kallaada Thevar
(a) Thirukannappathevar Thirumaram

(6) Kapila Thevar
(a) Mooththa Naayanaar Thiruvirattai Manimaalai
(b) Sivaperumaan Thiruvirattai Manimaalai
(c) Sivaperumaan Thiruvanthaathi

(7) Paranathevar
(a) Sivaperumaan Thiruvanthaathi

(8) Ilamperumaan Adihal
(a) Sivaperumaan Thirumummanikkovai

(9) Athiraavadikal
(a) Mooththa Pillaiyaar Thirumummanikkovai

(10) Pattinaththu Pillaiyaar
(a) Koyil Naanmanimaalai
(b) Thirukalumala Mummanikkovai
(c) Thiruvidamaruthoor Mummanikkovai
(d) Thiruvekambamudaiyaar Thiruvanthaathi
(e) Thiruvottriyur Orupaa Orupathu

(11) Nambiyaandaar Nambi
(a) Thirunaaraiyur Vinayakar Thiruvirattai Manimaalai
(b) Koyil Thiruppanniyar Viruttham
(c) Thiruththondar Thiruvanthaathi
(d) Aaludaipillaiyaar Thiruvanthaathi
(e) Aaludaipillaiyaar Thiruchanbai Viruttham
(f) Aaludaipillaiyaar Thirumummanikkovai
(g) Aaludaipillaiyaar Thiruvulaamaalai
(h) Aaludaipillaiyaar Thirukkalambakam
(i) Aaludaipillaiyaar Thiruththohai
(j) Thirunaavukkarasuthevar Thiruvehaathasamaalai

Thirumurai – 12 The "Thiruppaadalhal" meaning “sacred poems” of Tamil Sage/Poet –

Seikeelaar
(a) Periyapuranam - on the life histories of the - 63 Tamil Saiva Saints

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The Tamil "Thirumuraikanda Puraanam" by the Meiyadiyaar Umapathi Sivasaariyaar relates the story of how the Chola Emperor Rajaraja Chola - 1 (A.D.985-1014) on he hearing some Thevarams for the first time sung by an Adiyaar and being absorbed in same went in search of the complete set of Thevarams, of the three principal Tamil Saiva Saints.

He finally found them written in Ola Leaf Manuscripts stacked in an old room at Chithambaram Temple, neglected and unattended for long by the Temple Priests (in preference to Vedic hyms) which ended up with white ants praying on them with many Ola leaves perished beyond recovery.

Rajaraja Chola - 1 thereafter entrusted the Saiva Adiyar of his time namely the Nambiaandaar Nambi with the recovery of what ever remaing of these Thevarams in the undamged Ola Leaf Manuscripts, who carried out the instructions and recovered whatever possible and classified them into seven Thirumuraihal comprising 795 Thevara Thiruppathikams..

But one of Thirugnanasampanthar's Pathikam which was not found in the first three Thirumuraikal thus classified, has been discovered engraved on the Thiruvidaivaai temple walls, which has made the total Thevara Thiruppathikams in the seven Thirumuraihal to 796.

The Thevara Thiruppathikamgal at times have also been engraved on Copper Plates in addition to the Ola Leaf Manuscripts. (This fact has been confirmed by two Temple Inscriptions, which has been highlighted for the first time by the Research Scholar - Kudanthai N.Sethuraman in his book titled "Aaiyvu Katturaikal" - first part).

At one instance an Officer of Kulothunga Chola - 1 named "Manavitkooththan Naralokaviran" made the seven Thirumuraihal of the three principal Tamil Saiva Saints engraved on copper plates and preserved them in the Chithambaram temple. However the subsequent fate of same are now not known.

In another instance during the period of the Pandiyan king Sadaiyavarman Kulasekaran, an Officer named "Panchavan Pirammaathiraajar" apparantly made all twelve Thirumuraihal engraved on copper plates and preserved same at the Sri Somanaathathevar temple at Aattrur. Today we are not aware of the fate of these copper plates too.

The Rajaraja Chola - 1 who discovered the Thevara Thiruppathiyam (Thiruppathikamkal) of the three principal Tamil Saiva Saints, not only arranged them to be classified into seven Thirumuraihal and preserved, but also arranged them to be sung in Siva Temples by "Pidarer" who were subsequently known as "Othuvar".

In the Thanjavur Rajarajeswarem temple (Periya Koyil presently know as Birahatheeswarem Temple) built by him - alone had fortyeight Othuvar who sung Thevara Thiruppathikamkal accompanied by a "Udukkai Vaasippavan" and "Kotti Matthalam Vaasippavan" as per this temple inscriptions.

However it is now known that the practice of singing Tamil Thevara Thiruppathikamkal in Siva Temples existed as early as A.D.852 from an inscription of the Pallava king the Nanthivarman - 3 in the Thiruvalam Temple. (Refer the book titled "Kapilakkal" by Kudavaayil Balasubramanian - page 92)

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The Tamil "Seikilaar Puraanam" by the Meiyadiyaar Umapathi Sivaasaariyaar relates the story of the circumstances under which the Periyapurnam was composed by Sage/Poet Seikilaar based on the informations on the Naayanaars and Adiyaars given in the Sundaramoorthy Naayanaar's Thevarap Pathikam titled "Thiruththondar Thohai" and the Saiva Adiyar Nambiyaandaar Nambi's "Thiruththondar Thiruanthaathi".

The ruling king of Chola Nadu the Kulothunga Chola - 2 (A.D.1133-1150) who became very absorbed in the study of the Jain Tamil Literary work titled the Seevaka Chinthamani. The Sage/Poet Seikilaar fearing that Kulothunga Chola will deviate from the traditional religion of the Chola kings of Saivaism and might change into Jainism, related the stories of the great Tamil Saiva Saints of the pre-medieval and medieval period Tamil Nadu to the Chola king.

These stories absorbed the Chola king in a great way and requested Seikilaar to compose a religios work on the history and the spiritual acheivements attained by the Tamil Saiva Saints of that period, which he did and ended up with composition of the "Thiruthondar Puraanam" also known as the "Periya Puraanam" relating the life of sixty three Tamil Saiva Saints.


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